Milestones

  • A Neanderthal flute, at least 45,000 years old, found at the Divje babe archaeologial site. Kept by the National Museum of Ljubljana. Photo: UKOM Archive
    A Neanderthal flute, at least 45,000 years old, found at the Divje babe archaeologial site. Kept by the National Museum of Ljubljana. Photo: UKOM Archive
  • The Freising Manuscripts (second half of the 10th century) are the oldest known writings in Slovenian and contain three religious prescriptions. Photo: UKOM archive
    The Freising Manuscripts (second half of the 10th century) are the oldest known writings in Slovenian and contain three religious prescriptions. Photo: UKOM archive
  • The early Gothic (1260) cloister in the Stična monastery, the oldest and best-preserved foundation of its kind in Slovenia, which is also famous for its illuminated manuscripts. Photo: Luka Fabčič
    The early Gothic (1260) cloister in the Stična monastery, the oldest and best-preserved foundation of its kind in Slovenia, which is also famous for its illuminated manuscripts. Photo: Luka Fabčič
  • Jurij Dalmatin (about 1547-1589) - the Bible in Slovene, from 1584.
    Jurij Dalmatin (about 1547-1589) - the Bible in Slovene, from 1584.
  • The development of medieval towns in Slovenia. Ljubljana. Photo: Katarina Kunaver /STO
    The development of medieval towns in Slovenia. Ljubljana. Photo: Katarina Kunaver /STO
  • 25 June, 1991 - the declaration of independence. Photo: UKOM archive
    25 June, 1991 - the declaration of independence. Photo: UKOM archive

 

250,000 BCE: The first evidence of human habitation on the territory of present-day Slovenia (two implements made of stone from Jama Cave in Loza Woods near Orehek).

120,000 to 1,300 BCE: Remains from the early Stone Age - the Palaeolithic; among them the oldest musical instrument in the world, found in Slovenia; evidence of hunting and Urnfield culture.

4th and 3rd century BCE: The arrival of Celts; the Noricum Kingdom.

Around 10 BCE: The Roman Empire; the appearance of the first towns.

5th and 6th century CE: Invasions by the Huns and Germanic tribes.

After 568: Dominance of Slavic people on the territory of Slovenia.

7th to 11th century: The Duchy of Carantania, the oldest known independent.

Slavonic tribal union in this region.

8th century: The beginnings of the conversion to Christianity.

9th century: The spread of the Frankish feudal system; the Slovenian nation begins to form.

10th century: The appearance of the Freising Manuscripts, the earliest known text written in Slovenian.

11th century: The regions of Carniola, Styria, Carinthia and Gorizia begin to develop; intensive German colonisation.

11th to 14th centuries: The development of medieval towns in Slovenia.

14th to 15th centuries: Most of the territory of Slovenia, including all its hereditary estates, is taken over by the Habsburgs; in 1456, the Counts of Cilli die out, the last feudal dynasty on Slovenian territory.

15th century: Turkish invasions begin.

15th to 17th centuries: Peasant revolts.

1550: Protestantism; the first book in Slovenian .

18th century: The Enlightenment and compulsory universal education.

1809-1813: Napoleonic occupation – the Illyrian Provinces .

1848: Unified Slovenia, the first Slovenian political programme.

1918: The defeat of the Austro-Hungarian Empire; the creation of the state of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs; the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, renamed the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929.

1941-1945: The dismemberment of Yugoslavia by the Axis Powers.

1945: The formation of the Federal People`s Republic of Yugoslavia, with the People`s Republic of Slovenia as one of its 6 federal entities.

1990: Plebiscite on independence.

25 June 1991: Declaration of the independent Republic of Slovenia.