History

The State of Karantanija (7th to 11th century: The Duchy of Carantania, the oldest known independent Slavonic tribal union in this region) - enthronement of Carinthian princes. Detail from a fresco by Gojmir Anton Kos (1896-1979).

The Slovenians were never so united as on the day of a national referendum on independence on 23 December 1990. Eighty eight percent of voters encircled “YES”.  The declaration of independence followed on 25 June 1991.

Much has happened during the years of independence, and even more in the last 15 centuries.

Slovenia experienced its first days of statehood more than a thousand years ago, when southern Slav ancestors settled in this area and founded the principality of Carantania . Historians claim that this was one of the most democratic and avant-garde states of its time. It was no surprise, then, that in Thomas Jefferson’s times, the writers of the American Constitution drew from principles in the Carantanian state.

Today the random traveller through Slovenia’s plains or mountains can still admire the rich cultural tradition. Much also remains from the times of Hapsburg rule. For it was only in 1918 that the Slovenians joined the Croats and Serbs in a kingdom that later became Yugoslavia. Following the collapse of Socialist Yugoslavia in 1991, an entirely new period in Slovenian history began - independent Slovenia.

Features

600 Years Since Last Ducal Inauguration in Slovenian

September 2014

The 600th anniversary of the last inauguration of the Duke of Carinthia in the Slovenian language was marked in Austria's Karnburg and Maria Saal, where the ancient ritual used to take place. The event was organised by Slovenian...[more]

100 years since WWI

Photo: The Walk of Peace Foundation

July 2014

There are indelible reminders of World War I in each corner of the Upper Soča valley, Brda, Goriška, the Vipava valley and Karst regions. The area where the Battles of the Soča Front took place.

Twenty years of national currency

January 2012

On 8 October 1991, Slovenia introduced its own currency and set out on a path of monetary independence. The tolar, its official legal tender at the time, was one of the most important attributes of the Slovenian State. Monetary...

Pile-dwellings in the Ljubljansko Barje on the UNESCO World Heritage List

September 2011

In the immediate vicinity of the city of Ljubljana, there is the Ljubljansko Barje, which is an incredible treasury of natural and cultural heritage. This idyllic landscape is home to a number of species of fauna and flora, as...

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