Plečnik's Palace – the home of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Slovenia. Detail of the panelled ceiling. Photo - source:


According to the Constitution, Slovenia is a democratic republic and a social state governed by law. The state`s authority is based on the principle of the separation of legislative, executive and judicial powers, with a parliamentary system of government. Power is held by the people, and they exercise this power directly (through referendums and popular initiatives) and through elections. The highest legislative authority is the National Assembly (90 deputies), which has the right to enact laws.

As the Constitution states, “Slovenia is a state of all its citizens, and is founded on the permanent and inalienable right of the Slovenian nation to self-determination.” It rests on the foundations of the legal system, which is based on respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, on the principle of a legal and socially just state.

The Constitution also contains special rights for the Hungarian, Italian and Roma ethnic communities. The Constitution, as the state`s supreme law, can be amended following a proposal from twenty National Assembly deputies, by the Government, or by at least 30,000 voters. Such proposals are decided by the National Assembly, with a two-thirds majority vote of deputies, and a two-thirds majority vote being needed for the passage of amendments. The National Assembly is required to submit a proposed constitutional amendment to a referendum, if so requested by at least 30 deputies.

The 20th anniversary of Slovenia's primary legal document

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