Geography

Landscape

Logarska dolina - The valley of Logarska in the Kamnik-Savinja Alps is one of the most beautiful and peaceful glacial valleys in Europe. Protected since 1987. Photo: Jakše-Jeršič

Slovenia is situated in Central Europe and shares borders with Italy, Austria, Croatia and Hungary, only a couple hours from Venice or Vienna.

The Country is mostly elevated. Outside the coastal area, its terrain consists largely of karstic plateaus and ridges, magnificently precipitous Alpine peaks, basins and valleys. The highest Alpine peak in Slovenia is Triglav (2.864 m) - the name meaning "three-heads". The mountain is a true national symbol. In a valley beneath Triglav lie idyllic Lake Bohinj and, north-eastward, Lake Bled.

Green is the dominant colour. There are many woods and forests in Slovenia that cover more then half the territory. Slovenia is homeland to more than 50.000 animal species and 3.000 plant species. The remnants of primeval forests could also be found, especially in the Kočevje area. European brown bear still lives in these forests, and it is possible to encounter the wolf or the lynx, the wild boar, the chamois, roe deer as well as standard varieties of small game.

Slovenia has 46,6 km of coastline- one inch per inhabitant, 26.000 kilometres of rivers and streams and some 7.500 springs of drinking water, including several hundred of first class therapeutic mineral springs. Approximately 11% of Slovenia's territory is specially protected; the largest area with such a regime is the Triglav National Park with a surface area of 848 km2. The Škocjan Caves were entered on the world heritage list at UNESCO in 1986, and the Sečovlje saltpans and  Cerknica Lake are included on the Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.

On 27 June 2011 UNESCO put the prehistoric pile dwellings in the Ljubljansko Barje on the World Heritage List.