Labor standards and rights


Photo: Uroš Hočevar

Pay for work under an employment contract is made up of actual pay, which is always in monetary form, and any other payments, if so provided for in a collective agreement. As regards pay, the employer takes account of the tariff class fixed with regard to the difficulty of the job. It is set as a multiple of the basic tariff class laid down by law or the relevant collective agreement that binds the employer with regard to his basic activity. Pay consists of basic pay, a proportion of pay for effective working, and allowances. Performance pay also constitutes a component part of pay, where so agreed by collective agreement or employment contract.

An employee is entitled to allowances for working in special working conditions depending on the organisation of working time, namely:

  • for night work,
  • for work exceeding full working time,
  • for Sunday work,
  • public holidays and statutory non-working days.

Allowances are calculated only in respect of the time during which the employee worked in the conditions on account of which he is entitled to an allowance. In addition to other allowances, an employee is also entitled to an allowance for his years of service. Employees who work part-time are entitled to proportionate amounts of pay and allowances.

Reimbursement of expenses related to work

An employer must reimburse an employee for the costs of subsistence during work, for travel to and from work, and for costs which he incurs in performing specific work and tasks while travelling for work purposes.

An employer must pay an employee entitled to annual leave an annual leave bonus at least equivalent to the minimum wage.

Where an employee retires or is made redundant by the employer upon termination of his employment contract, he is entitled to redundancy pay.

Pay is paid in respect of payment periods which may not exceed one month, on a previously agreed day in the month.

An employee and an employer may agree to the employee having a right to a share of the profits in a given financial year.

Employment contract, social insurance

Before the beginning of work, employment contract in written form is concluded with the employer. Employment contract can be signed for definite or indefinite period of time. The employer is obliged to register you into the obligatory pension, invalidity, health and unemployment insurance within 8 days of the date of signing the employment contract. He is also obliged to deliver you a photocopy of registration within 15 days from commencing work.

The Employment Relationships Act is assuring protection of workers in case of pregnancy, parenthood, invalidity, and young or old workmen.

Payment for work is made up of basic wage, part of wage for efficiency, and allowances. The minimum gross wage in Slovenia was 597,43 € in August 2009. In most companies, wages are defined by position quotients appointed in collective agreements and are paid out monthly. The worker is entitled to extra payments for special working conditions related to the distribution of working time, i.e. for night work, overtime, Sunday work, work on statutory holidays, and for years of service.

The employer must ensure the worker reimbursement of expenses for meals during work, for travel expenses to and from work, and of expenses the worker incurs during performing certain work and tasks on business travel.

Full working hours should not exceed 40 hours a week and should not be shorter than 36 hours a week (except for jobs where there is a greater risk of injury or damage to health).

Annual leave in an individual calendar year lasts at least four weeks. The right to the entire annual leave is acquired after six months of uninterrupted period of work.

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