Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts (SASA)

In 1693, the Academia Operosorum was founded in Ljubljana, a predecessor of the Academy. Photo /source: SASA

The Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts (SASA) with its present structure was founded in 1938; nonetheless it has a reputable tradition. In 1693, the Academia Operosorum was founded in Ljubljana, a predecessor of the Academy; the ranks of this society comprised the most eminent Carniolan churchmen and lay intellectuals, noblemen and bourgeoisie.

Its activities ended around 1725; more than half a century later, in 1779, it was revived, but it was active only a short time. From the end of the 18th century onwards, Slovenes had no academy, although the idea of it never disappeared. In the second half of the 19th century, serious efforts were made to establish the Academy, but it materialised only in 1938 with the nomination of the first eighteen ordinary members.

During World War II the Academy continued its activities, and after the war it was finally renamed Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts. From the original four sections it expanded to five and then to six, and new institutes and institutions were also established.

Since its foundation, the Academy has operated under various political systems and gone through a number of development stages. The 1994 law ensures its autonomy and freedom of democratic conduct. Today, the SASA is the supreme national institution of sciences and arts, uniting scientists and artists who were elected to this institution for their particular achievements in the area of science and art.

The SASA cultivates, encourages and promotes sciences and arts and, through its activities, contributes to the development of scientific thought and creativity in the arts. Particularly by addressing basic issues of sciences and arts; participating in the establishment of policies of research activities and creativity in the arts; giving appraisals, proposals and opinions on the position, development and promotion of the sciences and arts; organising research work, also in cooperation with universities and other research institutions, particularly in fields which are important for the understanding of the natural and cultural heritage of the Slovenian people, for the development of Slovenian language and culture, and developing international cooperation in the field of science and art.

The SASA has a maximum of 60 full and 30 associate members. The limitation refers to members under 75 years of age. SASA also has a maximum of 90 corresponding members from abroad. At present there are 83 full and 16 associate members, as well as 78 corresponding members from scientific organisations abroad (The Yearbook of SASA ).