Photo: Voranc Vogel

Lipizzaner are world-renowned indigenous Karst horses. Lipica is the oldest stud farm in the world, and has been continually operating since it was founded.

Lipizzaners are wonderful white horses. They are famous throughout the world for their nobility, elegance and remarkable talent for performing the movements of classical dressage. The cradle of the Lipizzaner breed is the Lipica Stud Farm , after which the Lipizzaner is named. The tradition of breeding Lipizzaners in Lipica dates back to 1580, making the Lipica Stud Farm one of the oldest studs in Europe and the Lipizzaner one of the world's oldest breeds. For centuries Lipizzaners were prized as the white horses of the imperial court in Vienna. They were also popular as excellent harness horses. They continue to enchant us today, as they come into the world as dark foals and grow up into beautiful white stallions and mares. 

The breeding core of the Lipizzaner herd at the Lipica Stud Farm consists of representatives of six classical lines of stallions: Pluto (founding sire: Pluto Senior, Danish grey, born 1765 at the Frederiksborg royal stud), Conversano (founding sire: the Neapolitan dark bay Conversano Senior, born 1767 in Italy), Neapolitano (founding sire: Neapolitano Senior, Neapolitan bay, born 1790 in Italy), Favory (founding sire: Favory Senior, Andalusian bay, born 1779 in Kladruby), Maestoso (founding sire: Maestoso Senior, Andalusian grey, born 1773 in Kladruby) and Siglavy (founding sire: Siglavy Senior, grey Arab, born 1810 in Arabia). At the same time, 17 classical families of mares have been maintained at Lipica.

The Lipica Stud Farm is a remarkable blend of natural and cultural heritage that is unique in the world. The estate, which covers 311 hectares, has maintained its original shape and size since 1580. In 1996 a special law was passed proclaiming the Lipica Stud Farm "a cultural monument of outstanding importance for the Republic of Slovenia". 

The protected area of the Lipica Stud Farm, which enjoys special protection as part of a monument complex, consists of a cultivated karst landscape, a herd of Lipizzaner horses and a variety of architectural and artistic heritage. In view of this remarkable heritage, the traditional breeding of Lipizzaners at the Lipica Stud Farm and other studs where Lipizzaners are bred is currently under consideration for inclusion on UNESCO's Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. 

Text by Tanja Glogovčan